Which Patient Is A Potential Candidate For Antibiotic Therapy Involving Aminoglycoside?

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Which conditions would aminoglycosides be used to treat quizlet?

The aminoglycosides are used primarily against gram-negative microorganisms that cause UTIs, meningitis, wound infections, and life-threatening septicemias and are the mainstays in the treatment of healthcare-associated gram-negative infections (e.g., Acinetobacter spp., Citrobacter spp., Enterobacter spp., E.

Which patients are at the highest risk of developing tendinitis from the use of quinolones?

Approximately 2% to 6% of all Achilles tendon ruptures in people older than 60 years can be attributed to quinolones. Conclusions Current exposure to quinolones increased the risk of Achilles tendon rupture. The risk is highest among elderly patients who were concomitantly treated with corticosteroids.

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Which aminoglycoside can be prescribed if the culture of a patient with bacterial endocarditis reveals the presence of Gram-positive cocci quizlet?

Which aminoglycoside can be prescribed if the culture of a patient with bacterial endocarditis reveals the presence of gram – positive cocci? The aminoglycoside indicated in the treatment of endocarditis from gram – positive cocci is streptomycin.

Which microbe is included in the spectrum of antimicrobial activity for the drug amikacin?

Amikacin is most often used for treating severe infections with multidrug-resistant, aerobic Gram-negative bacteria, especially Pseudomonas, Acinetobacter, Enterobacter, E. coli, Proteus, Klebsiella, and Serratia. The only Gram-positive bacteria that amikacin strongly affects are Staphylococcus and Nocardia.

Which condition would aminoglycosides is used to treat?

Aminoglycosides are used in the treatment of severe infections of the abdomen and urinary tract, as well as bacteremia and endocarditis. They are also used for prophylaxis, especially against endocarditis. Resistance is rare but increasing in frequency.

Which action is appropriate for a patient taking gemifloxacin and that develops itching and redness?

Gemifloxacin (Factive) is a fluoroquinolone that is used to treat bacterial sinusitis. It is associated with phototoxicity, which is characterized by itching and redness. If the patient develops itching and redness, he or she should report it to the primary healthcare provider.

Which antibiotics are bad for tendons?

The new warnings apply to fluoroquinolones, a class of antibiotics that includes the popular drug Cipro. The FDA has told companies that the drugs must now carry “black box” warnings alerting doctors and patients that the drugs can increase risk of tendinitis and tendon rupture in some patients.

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Does coffee affect ciprofloxacin?

Using caffeine together with ciprofloxacin may increase the effects of caffeine. Contact your doctor if you experience headache, tremor, restlessness, nervousness, insomnia, and increased blood pressure or heart rate.

What antibiotics affect tendons?

ANTIBIOTICS THAT CAN CAUSE TENDON DAMAGE The class of antibiotics known as fluoroquinolones have been found to create an increased risk of tendon damage. In May of 2016, the FDA issued its strongest warning yet for anyone using these antibiotics.

Which antibiotic is used in patients who have infections of the eyes ears or skin quizlet?

Because intravenous infusion of neomycin is associated with a high risk of ototoxicity and nephrotoxicity, the drug is reserved for use against infections of the eyes, ears, and skin and to suppress the bowel flora. Topical gentamicin and tobramycin are used to treat Gram-negative conjunctivitis.

What antibiotic can be used against several anaerobic organisms?

The most effective antimicrobials against anaerobic organisms are metronidazole, the carbapenems (imipenem, meropenem and ertapenem), chloramphenicol, the combinations of a penicillin and a beta-lactamase inhibitor (ampicillin or ticarcillin plus clavulanate, amoxicillin plus sulbactam, and piperacillin plus tazobactam

Which was the first penicillin and continues to be the drug of choice for many infections quizlet?

Which was the first penicillin and continues to be the drug of choice for many infections? Penicillin G. The nurse is caring for a patient who is taking antibiotics.

What are the contraindications of amikacin?

Who should not take AMIKACIN SULFATE?

  • diarrhea from an infection with Clostridium difficile bacteria.
  • low amount of calcium in the blood.
  • dehydration.
  • a type of movement disorder called parkinsonism.
  • myasthenia gravis, a skeletal muscle disorder.
  • ringing in the ears.
  • disorder of nerve that controls hearing and balance.
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Which medication can be added to enhance the effectiveness of the ampicillin?

The addition of an aminoglycoside may enhance the effectiveness of ampicillin when treating streptococcal endocarditis.

Why is amikacin used?

Amikacin injection is used to treat certain serious infections that are caused by bacteria such as meningitis (infection of the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord) and infections of the blood, abdomen (stomach area), lungs, skin, bones, joints, and urinary tract.

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