- 1 Which antibiotics are sulfonamides?
- 2 What are sulfonamides for?
- 3 What are the adverse effects of sulfonamide antibiotics select all that apply?
- 4 Which Symptoms may develop as adverse reactions to sulfonamides select all that apply quizlet?
- 5 How do sulfonamide antibiotics work?
- 6 Are sulfonamides still used?
- 7 Is sulfanilamide a base or acid?
- 8 How do you take sulfonamides?
- 9 What’s considered an antibiotic?
- 10 Who should not take sulfonamides?
- 11 What is an example of a sulfonamide?
- 12 Is amoxicillin a sulfonamide?
- 13 When caring for a client who is prescribed a sulfonamide The nurse should assess for which adverse effects?
- 14 Which type of bacteria cause infection when a patient’s immune system is impaired?
- 15 Why must a client who is receiving aminoglycosides be kept well hydrated?
Which antibiotics are sulfonamides?
Commonly prescribed sulfonamides include:
- Gantrisin (sulfisoxazole)
- Bactrim or Septra (trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole)
- Azulfidine (sulfasalazine)
- Zonegran (zonisamide)
What are sulfonamides for?
Sulfonamides are a class of antibiotics that are effective against many gram-positive bacteria and gram-negative bacteria. Some sulfonamides are applied directly to the skin (topically) to treat burns and skin, vaginal, and eye infections.
What are the adverse effects of sulfonamide antibiotics select all that apply?
Sulfonamide antibiotics do not cause constipation; they may cause diarrhea. A patient is administered cefotetan for a urinary tract infection. After 2 days, the patient complains of stomach cramps, nausea, vomiting, excessive sweating, itching, and headache. The patient also has decreased blood pressure.
Which Symptoms may develop as adverse reactions to sulfonamides select all that apply quizlet?
Teaching should address potential adverse reactions that can occur while taking a sulfonamide. These adverse reactions include nausea, vomiting, anorexia, stomatitis, chills, fever, crystalluria, and photosensitivity.) The nurse suspects that a client who is taking a sulfonamide has leukopenia.
How do sulfonamide antibiotics work?
Sulfonamide antibiotics work by interfering with folic acid synthesis in susceptible organisms, due to their structural similarity to para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA) in bacterial cells. Folic acid is essential for nucleic acid synthesis.
Are sulfonamides still used?
Sulfonamides and their different derivatives are extensively used in therapy due to their pharmacological properties. Sulfa drugs were amongst the oldest synthesized antimicrobial agents and are still widely used today to treat different microbial infections.
Is sulfanilamide a base or acid?
|Chemical Role(s):||Bronsted base A molecular entity capable of accepting a hydron from a donor (Br o nsted acid ). (via organic amino compound )|
|Application(s):||drug allergen Any drug which causes the onset of an allergic reaction.|
How do you take sulfonamides?
Sulfonamides are best taken with a full glass (8 ounces) of water. Several additional glasses of water should be taken every day, unless otherwise directed by your doctor. Drinking extra water will help to prevent some unwanted effects of sulfonamides.
What’s considered an antibiotic?
Antibiotics are medicines that help stop infections caused by bacteria. They do this by killing the bacteria or by keeping them from copying themselves or reproducing. The word antibiotic means “against life.” Any drug that kills germs in your body is technically an antibiotic.
Who should not take sulfonamides?
Who should not take?
- anemia from inadequate folic acid.
- a blood disorder.
- liver problems.
- decreased kidney function.
- anemia from pyruvate kinase and G6PD deficiencies.
- third trimester of pregnancy.
What is an example of a sulfonamide?
Examples of sulfonamides includes sulfadiazine, sulfamethizole (brand name: Thiosulfil Forte), sulfamethoxazole (Gantanol), sulfasalazine (Azulfidine), sulfisoxazole (Gantrisin), and various high-strength combinations of three sulfonamides. Sulfa drugs kill bacteria and fungi by interfering with cell metabolism.
Is amoxicillin a sulfonamide?
Amoxicillin belongs to a class of drugs called penicillins. It is a penicillin type antibiotic and it does not have sulfa in it.
When caring for a client who is prescribed a sulfonamide The nurse should assess for which adverse effects?
The physician has ordered sulfasalazine 500 mg QID. What should the nurse closely monitor for in this client? Explanation: When clients with diabetes are prescribed sulfonamides, the nurse should assess for a possible hypoglycemic reaction.
Which type of bacteria cause infection when a patient’s immune system is impaired?
Phagocyte deficiency or dysfunction predisposes patients to infections with Staphylococcus aureus, Nocardia species, P aeruginosa, Serratia species, streptococci, other enteric organisms, and Candida, Burkholderia, Aspergillus, and Chromobacterium species.
Why must a client who is receiving aminoglycosides be kept well hydrated?
Why must a client who is receiving aminoglycosides be kept well hydrated? Hydration increases drug concentration in serum and body tissues. Hydration decreases drug concentration in serum and body tissues. Hydration stabilizes peak serum levels.