Which Of The Following Is A Macrolide Antibiotic?

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What are examples of macrolide antibiotics?

Five macrolide antibiotics are currently available for use in the United States: erythromycin, clarithromycin, azithromycin, fidaxomicin and telithromycin, the latter being a related ketolide.

Which of the following is a macrolide?

Macrolides mainly affect gram-positive cocci and intracellular pathogens such as mycoplasma, chlamydia, and legionella. Erythromycin was the first macrolide discovered; other macrolides include azithromycin, clarithromycin, and roxithromycin.

What are first macrolide antibiotics?

The first macrolide discovered was erythromycin, which was first used in 1952. Erythromycin was widely used as a substitute to penicillin in cases where patients were allergic to penicillin or had penicillin-resistant illnesses.

Is Penicillin a macrolide antibiotic?

Macrolides have been considered the drug of choice for group A streptococcal and pneumococcal infections when penicillin cannot be used. Some Clinical Uses of Macrolides.

Drug Indication Comments
Erythromycin Uncomplicated skin infections
Acne Topical use

What do macrolide antibiotics treat?

What are macrolides and how do they work? Macrolides are a class of antibiotic that includes erythromycin, roxithromycin, azithromycin and clarithromycin. They are useful in treating respiratory, skin, soft tissue, sexually transmitted, H. pylori and atypical mycobacterial infections.

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What are the names of fluoroquinolone antibiotics?

FDA-approved fluoroquinolones include levofloxacin (Levaquin), ciprofloxacin (Cipro), ciprofloxacin extended-release tablets, moxifloxacin (Avelox), ofloxacin, gemifloxacin (Factive) and delafloxacin (Baxdela).

Is amoxicillin a macrolide?

Amoxicillin is a penicillin antibiotic. Clarithromycin is a macrolide antibiotic. These antibiotics fight bacteria in the body.

Is doxycycline a macrolide antibiotics?

Doxycycline and azithromycin are different types of antibiotics. Doxycycline is a tetracycline antibiotic and azithromycin is a macrolide antibiotic.

What are examples of cephalosporins?

Examples of cephalosporins include:

  • Ancef and Kefazol (cefazolin)
  • Ceclor and Cefaclor (cefaclor)
  • Cefdinir.
  • Ceftin and Zinacef (cefuroxime)
  • Duricef (cefadroxil)
  • Keflex and Keftabs (cephalexin)
  • Maxipime (cefepime)
  • Rocephin (ceftriaxone)

Are macrolide antibiotics safe?

Overall, macrolides are a safe group of antibiotics to take, but relative contraindications exist due to the adverse effects profile and their ability to interact with other drugs. Primarily, patients with prolonged QT intervals on electrocardiograms should avoid macrolides due to their arrhythmogenic characteristics.

What kind of antibiotic is chloramphenicol?

Chloramphenicol is a semisynthetic, broad-spectrum antibiotic derived from Streptomyces venequelae with primarily bacteriostatic activity. Chloramphenicol diffuses through the bacterial cell wall and reversibly binds to the bacterial 50S ribosomal subunit.

Is azithromycin an antibiotic?

Azithromycin is an antibiotic. It’s widely used to treat chest infections such as pneumonia, infections of the nose and throat such as sinus infection (sinusitis), skin infections, Lyme disease, and some sexually transmitted infections.

How do I rebuild my immune system after antibiotics?

The Bottom Line Taking probiotics during and after a course of antibiotics can help reduce the risk of diarrhea and restore your gut microbiota to a healthy state. What’s more, eating high-fiber foods, fermented foods and prebiotic foods after taking antibiotics may also help reestablish a healthy gut microbiota.

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Is chloramphenicol an antibiotic?

Chloramphenicol is an antibiotic. It’s mainly used to treat eye infections (such as conjunctivitis) and sometimes ear infections. Chloramphenicol comes as eye drops or eye ointment.

Is Augmentin a macrolide antibiotic?

Zithromax and Augmentin are different types of antibiotics. Zithromax Z-PAK is a macrolide antibiotic and Augmentin is a combination of a penicillin-type antibiotic and a beta-lactamase inhibitor.

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