Which Antibiotic Classes To Avoid In Pregnancy?

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What groups of antibiotics are safe to use in pregnancy and which are best avoided?

Antibiotics such as beta-lactams, vancomycin, nitrofurantoin, metronidazole, clindamycin, and fosfomycin are generally considered safe and effective in pregnancy. Fluoroquinolones and tetracyclines are generally avoided in pregnancy.

Which antibiotic classes are safe in pregnancy?

Here’s a sampling of antibiotics generally considered safe during pregnancy:

  • Penicillins, including amoxicillin (Amoxil, Larotid) and ampicillin.
  • Cephalosporins, including cefaclor and cephalexin (Keflex)
  • Clindamycin (Cleocin, Clinda-Derm, Clindagel)

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Which antibiotics cause birth defects?

Common antibiotics tied to miscarriages may also lead to birth defects. (Reuters Health) – Pregnant women have another reason to avoid taking a class of antibiotics that includes erythromycin, clarithromycin and azithromycin: it may increase their baby’s risk of birth defects, a UK study suggests.

Can antibiotics be harmful during pregnancy?

While many antibiotics may be safe during pregnancy, the ones that aren’t can be extremely dangerous. For example, Bactrim and Macrobid treatments during pregnancy have been linked with birth defects, including brain malformations and heart defects.

Which tablet is harmful in pregnancy?

Some of the over-the-counter medicines that increase the chances of birth defects are: Bismuth subsalicylate (such as Pepto-Bismol). Phenylephrine or pseudoephedrine, which are decongestants. Avoid medicines with these ingredients during the first trimester.

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Is it OK to take amoxicillin while pregnant?

It’s usually safe to take amoxicillin during pregnancy and while breastfeeding.

Why are antibiotics used in pregnancy?

Infections during pregnancy can be serious and can cause your baby to have a life-threatening sickness. If an infection goes untreated, it can also cause early labor, stillbirth, newborn death, or problems with your baby’s organs. Your doctor may give you antibiotics for an infection.

Can antibiotics cause miscarriage?

Many classes of commonly prescribed antibiotics, including macrolides, quinolones, tetracyclines and sulfonamides may be associated with an increased risk of miscarriage during the first 20 weeks of pregnancy, a Canadian research study has concluded.

Does antibiotics affect early pregnancy?

Antibiotics and Risk for Spontaneous Abortion In a study of 182,000 pregnant women, the use of certain antibiotics during early pregnancy was linked with a higher rate of miscarriage before 20 weeks. These antibiotics included quinolones, tetracyclines, sulfonamides, metronidazole, and macrolides (except erythromycin).

Is penicillin safe in pregnancy?

You can take most penicillins during pregnancy and breastfeeding in the usual doses. Tell your healthcare professional if you’re pregnant or breastfeeding, so they can prescribe the most suitable antibiotic for you.

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