What Is An Antibiotic What Is An Antibiotic Quizlet?

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What are antibiotics and what are they used for quizlet?

Define antibiotics. What is the difference between bactericidal and bacteriostatic? bactericidal kills bacteria, usually antibiotic of choice for infections in sites like endocardium or meninges where host defenses are ineffective.

What is an antibiotic simple definition?

Antibiotics are medicines that fight bacterial infections in people and animals. They work by killing the bacteria or by making it hard for the bacteria to grow and multiply.

What is an antibiotic or an antibiotic substance?

An antibiotic is a chemical substance, produced by micro-organ- isms, which has the capacity to inhibit the growth of and even to. destroy bacteria and other micro-organisms. The action of an. antibiotic against micro-organisms is selective in nature, some or-

What are called antibiotics?

Antibiotics are medicines that help stop infections caused by bacteria. They do this by killing the bacteria or by keeping them from copying themselves or reproducing. The word antibiotic means “against life.” Any drug that kills germs in your body is technically an antibiotic.

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What do antibiotics do to bacteria quizlet?

The antibiotics kill all of the non-resistant bacteria, leaving the resistant bacteria for the immune system to clear up.

What are examples of antibiotics?

The main types of antibiotics include:

  • Penicillins – for example, phenoxymethylpenicillin, flucloxacillin and amoxicillin.
  • Cephalosporins – for example, cefaclor, cefadroxil and cefalexin.
  • Tetracyclines – for example, tetracycline, doxycycline and lymecycline.
  • Aminoglycosides – for example, gentamicin and tobramycin.

What diseases can antibiotics treat?

Antibiotics can treat bacterial infections, such as:

  • Most sinus infections.
  • Strep throat.
  • Urinary tract infections.
  • Pneumonia.
  • Most ear infections (otitis media)
  • Nasty bacterial skin infections (impetigo)

What are the 7 types of antibiotics?

7 Types of Antibiotics

  • Penicillins such as penicillin and amoxicillin.
  • Cephalosporins such as cephalexin (Keflex)
  • Macrolides such as erythromycin (E-Mycin), clarithromycin (Biaxin), and azithromycin (Zithromax)
  • Fluoroquinolones such as ciprofolxacin (Cipro), levofloxacin (Levaquin), and ofloxacin (Floxin)

What is the best antibiotic?

Which Antibiotic Will Work Best?

  • Amoxicillin/augmentin.
  • Ceftriaxone (Rocephin)
  • Cephalexin (Keflex)
  • Ciprofloxacin (Cipro)
  • Fosfomycin (Monurol)
  • Levofloxacin (Levaquin)
  • Nitrofurantoin (Macrodantin, Macrobid)
  • Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim, Septra)

What is the best antibiotic for a bacterial infection?

Bacterial infections are treated with antibiotics such as amoxicillin, erythromycin and ciprofloxacin. There are many different types of antibiotic, with different ways of working; the choice depends on the type of infection you have. Fungi commonly cause skin infections such as athlete’s foot and ringworm.

What is an antibiotic give two examples?

An antibiotic is an antimicrobial drug that is active against bacteria. It is derived from living matter or micro-organism, that can be used to kill or prevent the growth of other micro-organisms. Two examples of antibiotics are- penicillin and chloramphenicol.

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What are side effects of antibiotics?

Common side effects of antibiotics

  • nausea.
  • indigestion.
  • vomiting.
  • diarrhea.
  • bloating.
  • feeling of fullness.
  • loss of appetite.
  • stomach cramping or pain.

Do antibiotics weaken immune system?

Will antibiotics weaken my immune system? Very rarely, antibiotic treatment will cause a drop in the blood count, including the numbers of white cells that fight infection. This corrects itself when the treatment is stopped.

What are the classification of antibiotics?

Antibiotic Grouping By Mechanism
Cell Wall Synthesis Penicillins Cephalosporins Vancomycin Beta-lactamase Inhibitors Carbapenems Aztreonam Polymycin Bacitracin
RNA synthesis Inhibitors Rifampin
Mycolic Acid synthesis inhibitors Isoniazid
Folic Acid synthesis inhibitors Sulfonamides Trimethoprim

What antibiotics are used for?

Antibiotics are used to treat or prevent some types of bacterial infections. They are not effective against viral infections, such as the common cold or flu. Antibiotics should only be prescribed to treat health problems: that are not serious but are unlikely to clear up without antibiotics – such as acne.

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