Readers ask: What Makes A Good Antibiotic Organic Chemistry?

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How do antibiotics work Organic Chemistry?

Antibiotics are chemical compounds used to kill or inhibit the growth of bacteria. Strictly speaking, antibiotics are a subgroup of organic anti-infective agents that are derived from bacteria or moulds that are toxic to other bacteria.

What are the properties of good antibiotics?

Expert Answer:

  • Properties of antibiotics:
  • (i) It should not kill the useful microbial flora found in the alimentary canal of man.
  • (ii) It should not cause any harmful side-effects in the host.

What are antibiotics write their chemical classification?

Antibiotics can be categorized by their spectrum of activity—namely, whether they are narrow-, broad-, or extended-spectrum agents. Narrow-spectrum agents (e.g., penicillin G) affect primarily gram-positive bacteria.

What is the most efficient antibiotic?

The world’s last line of defense against disease-causing bacteria just got a new warrior: vancomycin 3.0. Its predecessor—vancomycin 1.0—has been used since 1958 to combat dangerous infections like methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.

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What are the 7 types of antibiotics?

7 Types of Antibiotics

  • Penicillins such as penicillin and amoxicillin.
  • Cephalosporins such as cephalexin (Keflex)
  • Macrolides such as erythromycin (E-Mycin), clarithromycin (Biaxin), and azithromycin (Zithromax)
  • Fluoroquinolones such as ciprofolxacin (Cipro), levofloxacin (Levaquin), and ofloxacin (Floxin)

Which antibiotic is best for mouth infection?

Antibiotics of the penicillin class, such as penicillin and amoxicillin, are most commonly used to help treat tooth infections. An antibiotic called metronidazole may be given for some types of bacterial infections. It’s sometimes prescribed with penicillin in order to cover a larger variety of bacterial species.

Do antibiotics weaken immune system?

Will antibiotics weaken my immune system? Very rarely, antibiotic treatment will cause a drop in the blood count, including the numbers of white cells that fight infection. This corrects itself when the treatment is stopped.

What is the best antibiotic?

Which Antibiotic Will Work Best?

  • Amoxicillin/augmentin.
  • Ceftriaxone (Rocephin)
  • Cephalexin (Keflex)
  • Ciprofloxacin (Cipro)
  • Fosfomycin (Monurol)
  • Levofloxacin (Levaquin)
  • Nitrofurantoin (Macrodantin, Macrobid)
  • Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim, Septra)

Why are antibiotics bad for you?

Taking antibiotics too often or for the wrong reasons can change bacteria so much that antibiotics don’t work against them. This is called bacterial resistance or antibiotic resistance. Some bacteria are now resistant to even the most powerful antibiotics available. Antibiotic resistance is a growing problem.

What are the antibiotics modes of action?

There are six major modes of action: (1) interference with cell wall synthesis, (2) inhibition of protein synthesis, (3) interference with nucleic acid synthesis, (4) inhibition of a metabolic pathway, (5) inhibition of membrane function, (6) inhibition of ATP Synthase (Fig. 1).

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What are the five major categories of antibiotics?

The main types of antibiotics include:

  • Penicillins – for example, phenoxymethylpenicillin, flucloxacillin and amoxicillin.
  • Cephalosporins – for example, cefaclor, cefadroxil and cefalexin.
  • Tetracyclines – for example, tetracycline, doxycycline and lymecycline.
  • Aminoglycosides – for example, gentamicin and tobramycin.

What are the two categories of antibiotics?

Antibiotics can be divided into two classes based on their mechanism of action. Bactericidal antibiotics kill bacteria; bacteriostatic antibiotics inhibit their growth or reproduction.

What is the strongest natural antibiotic?

1.) Oregano oil: Oregano oil is one of the most powerful antibacterial essential oils because it contains carvacrol and thymol, two antibacterial and antifungal compounds. In fact, research shows oregano oil is effective against many clinical strains of bacteria, including Escherichia coli (E.

What is the strongest antibiotic for sinus infection?

Amoxicillin (Amoxil) is acceptable for uncomplicated acute sinus infections; however, many doctors prescribe amoxicillin -clavulanate (Augmentin) as the first-line antibiotic to treat a possible bacterial infection of the sinuses. Amoxicillin usually is effective against most strains of bacteria.

What is the strongest antibiotic for STD?

Azithromycin in a single oral 1-g dose is now a recommended regimen for the treatment of nongonococcal urethritis. Highly effective single-dose oral therapies are now available for most common curable STDs.

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