Readers ask: What Is Meant By Antibiotic?

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What is an antibiotic simple definition?

Antibiotics are medicines that fight bacterial infections in people and animals. They work by killing the bacteria or by making it hard for the bacteria to grow and multiply.

What is antibiotic and example?

The main types of antibiotics include: Penicillins – for example, phenoxymethylpenicillin, flucloxacillin and amoxicillin. Cephalosporins – for example, cefaclor, cefadroxil and cefalexin. Tetracyclines – for example, tetracycline, doxycycline and lymecycline. Aminoglycosides – for example, gentamicin and tobramycin.

What is antibiotic in medical terms?

Antibiotic: A drug used to treat bacterial infections. Antibiotics have no effect on viral infections. Originally, an antibiotic was a substance produced by one microorganism that selectively inhibits the growth of another.

What are antibiotics in English?

: a substance able to inhibit or kill microorganisms specifically: an antibacterial substance (such as penicillin, cephalosporin, and ciprofloxacin) that is used to treat or prevent infections by killing or inhibiting the growth of bacteria in or on the body, that is administered orally, topically, or by injection,

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What is the best antibiotic?

Which Antibiotic Will Work Best?

  • Amoxicillin/augmentin.
  • Ceftriaxone (Rocephin)
  • Cephalexin (Keflex)
  • Ciprofloxacin (Cipro)
  • Fosfomycin (Monurol)
  • Levofloxacin (Levaquin)
  • Nitrofurantoin (Macrodantin, Macrobid)
  • Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim, Septra)

What diseases do antibiotics treat?

  • Chest Cold (Acute Bronchitis)
  • Common Cold.
  • Ear Infection.
  • Flu (Influenza)
  • Sinus Infection (Sinusitis)
  • Skin Infections.
  • Sore Throat.
  • Urinary Tract Infection.

What are the 7 types of antibiotics?

7 Types of Antibiotics

  • Penicillins such as penicillin and amoxicillin.
  • Cephalosporins such as cephalexin (Keflex)
  • Macrolides such as erythromycin (E-Mycin), clarithromycin (Biaxin), and azithromycin (Zithromax)
  • Fluoroquinolones such as ciprofolxacin (Cipro), levofloxacin (Levaquin), and ofloxacin (Floxin)

What is a common antibiotic?

Top 10 List of Generic Antibiotics

  • amoxicillin.
  • doxycycline.
  • cephalexin.
  • ciprofloxacin.
  • clindamycin.
  • metronidazole.
  • azithromycin.
  • sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim.

How do you take antibiotics?

Talk with your doctor or pharmacist about the best way to take your antibiotic. Some should be taken with food to reduce side effects but others need to be taken on an empty stomach. Antibiotics should also be taken in the prescribed amount and for the directed length of treatment.

What are antibiotics very short answer?

Antibiotics are medicines that help stop infections caused by bacteria. They do this by killing the bacteria or by keeping them from copying themselves or reproducing. The word antibiotic means “against life.” Any drug that kills germs in your body is technically an antibiotic.

What is the best antibiotic for a bacterial infection?

Bacterial infections are treated with antibiotics such as amoxicillin, erythromycin and ciprofloxacin. There are many different types of antibiotic, with different ways of working; the choice depends on the type of infection you have. Fungi commonly cause skin infections such as athlete’s foot and ringworm.

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What are antibiotics given for?

Antibiotics are used to treat or prevent some types of bacterial infection. They work by killing bacteria or preventing them from reproducing and spreading. Antibiotics aren’t effective against viral infections, such as the common cold, flu, most coughs and sore throats.

Do antibiotics weaken immune system?

Will antibiotics weaken my immune system? Very rarely, antibiotic treatment will cause a drop in the blood count, including the numbers of white cells that fight infection. This corrects itself when the treatment is stopped.

What are side effects of antibiotics?

Common side effects of antibiotics

  • nausea.
  • indigestion.
  • vomiting.
  • diarrhea.
  • bloating.
  • feeling of fullness.
  • loss of appetite.
  • stomach cramping or pain.

How antibiotics work in our body?

Antibiotics work by blocking vital processes in bacteria, killing the bacteria or stopping them from multiplying. This helps the body’s natural immune system to fight the bacterial infection. Different antibiotics work against different types of bacteria.

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