- 1 Which of the following statements is false about antibiotics?
- 2 What is the problem with antibiotic resistance?
- 3 Why is it incorrect to say that antibiotics make bacteria resistant to them?
- 4 What is the difference between antibiotic resistance and antimicrobial resistance?
- 5 Which of the following statement is incorrect word antibiotic is a misnomer?
- 6 Which one of the following statement is correct about effect of antibiotic on virus?
- 7 How do you fix antibiotic resistance?
- 8 How is antibiotic resistance treated?
- 9 How can we avoid antibiotic resistance?
- 10 How do antibiotic resistant bacteria develop?
- 11 Are there any bacteria resistant to all antibiotics?
- 12 What are some examples of antibiotic resistant bacteria?
- 13 What are the five general mechanisms of resistance?
- 14 What is the most common type of antimicrobial resistance?
- 15 Is antibiotic resistance permanent?
Which of the following statements is false about antibiotics?
Antibiotics are not capable of curing any disease. Antibiotics are those substances that destroy or inhibit the growth of micro-organisms, particularly disease producing bacteria and fungi. The term antibiotic was introduced by Waksman in 1942. Common antibiotics include penicillins, streptomycin and tetracyclines.
What is the problem with antibiotic resistance?
Bacteria, not humans or animals, become antibiotic – resistant. These bacteria may infect humans and animals, and the infections they cause are harder to treat than those caused by non- resistant bacteria. Antibiotic resistance leads to higher medical costs, prolonged hospital stays, and increased mortality.
Why is it incorrect to say that antibiotics make bacteria resistant to them?
Antibiotics have been used for a long time and are frequently prescribed. Because of this widespread use, the infectious bacteria the antibiotics were designed target have adapted and changed, making the drugs less effective. This is antibiotic resistance.
What is the difference between antibiotic resistance and antimicrobial resistance?
Distinguishing between antibiotic and antimicrobial resistance is important. Antibiotic resistance refers to bacteria resisting antibiotics. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) describes the opposition of any microbe to the drugs that scientists created to kill them.
Which of the following statement is incorrect word antibiotic is a misnomer?
Word antibiotic is a misnomer. Anti Is a Greek word that means ‘against’, and bios means ‘life’, together they mean ‘against life’ (in the context of disease causing organisms); whereas with reference to human beings, they are ‘pro life’ and not against.
Which one of the following statement is correct about effect of antibiotic on virus?
Antibiotics kill only bacteria. They don’t work against viruses. Most common colds and sore throats are caused by viruses.
How do you fix antibiotic resistance?
Here are more tips to promote proper use of antibiotics.
- Take the antibiotics as prescribed.
- Do not skip doses.
- Do not save antibiotics.
- Do not take antibiotics prescribed for someone else.
- Talk with your health care professional.
- All drugs have side effects.
How is antibiotic resistance treated?
If you have an infection that is antibiotic – resistant, your healthcare provider may or may not have other treatment options. Taking unneeded antibiotics promotes the growth of resistant bacteria. Practice good hygiene. It helps prevent the spread of infections that are resistant to antibiotics.
How can we avoid antibiotic resistance?
There are many ways that drug- resistant infections can be prevented: immunization, safe food preparation, handwashing, and using antibiotics as directed and only when necessary. In addition, preventing infections also prevents the spread of resistant bacteria.
How do antibiotic resistant bacteria develop?
Bacteria develop resistance mechanisms by using instructions provided by their DNA. Often, resistance genes are found within plasmids, small pieces of DNA that carry genetic instructions from one germ to another. This means that some bacteria can share their DNA and make other germs become resistant.
Are there any bacteria resistant to all antibiotics?
Carbapenem- resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) are a group of bacteria that have become resistant to “ all or nearly all ” available antibiotics, including carbapenems, which are typically reserved as the “treatment of last resort” against drug- resistant pathogens.
What are some examples of antibiotic resistant bacteria?
Examples of bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics include methicillin- resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), penicillin- resistant Enterococcus, and multidrug- resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MDR-TB), which is resistant to two tuberculosis drugs, isoniazid and rifampicin.
What are the five general mechanisms of resistance?
The main mechanisms of resistance are: limiting uptake of a drug, modification of a drug target, inactivation of a drug, and active efflux of a drug.
What is the most common type of antimicrobial resistance?
MRSA is one of the most common antibiotic-resistant bacteria.
Is antibiotic resistance permanent?
Dutch research has shown that the development of permanent resistance by bacteria and fungi against antibiotics cannot be prevented in the longer-term. The only solution is to reduce the dependence on antibiotics by using these less.