- 1 Which two classes of drugs are no longer able to be used in food producing animals?
- 2 What hazard is associated with the use of emetics?
- 3 What drugs are prohibited in food animals?
- 4 Can you use aminoglycosides in food animals?
- 5 What is the function of emetics?
- 6 What replaced ipecac?
- 7 What are emetics examples?
- 8 Which drug is used in animals to treat inflammation and allergies?
- 9 What is ELDU?
- 10 Which drug is used for restraint of an animal?
- 11 What drugs are aminoglycosides?
- 12 Is amikacin bactericidal or bacteriostatic?
- 13 What is the mechanism of action of aminoglycosides?
Which two classes of drugs are no longer able to be used in food producing animals?
The classes that are banned and are no longer able to be used in food – producing animals are called chloramphenicol and nitroimidazoles.
What hazard is associated with the use of emetics?
At doses used to induce emesis, adverse effects may include CNS depression and protracted vomiting. CNS stimulation and respiratory and cardiac depression may be seen with excessive doses (Plumb, 2015).
What drugs are prohibited in food animals?
Drugs Prohibited from Extra-Label Uses in Animals
- Diethylstilbestrol (DES)
- Ipronidazole and other nitroimidazoles.
- Furazolidone and nitrofurazone.
Can you use aminoglycosides in food animals?
While the Food Animal Residue Avoidance Databank recommends a minimum preslaughter withdrawal period of 18 months or more for this drug, the AVMA and American Association of Bovine Practitioners have called on veterinarians to avoid extralabel use of aminoglycosides, including gentamicin, in cattle, because of the
What is the function of emetics?
Emetic, any agent that produces nausea and vomiting. The use of emetics is limited to the treatment of poisoning with certain toxins that have been swallowed.
What replaced ipecac?
Activated charcoal is another over-the-counter drug that is good to have on hand, although, like ipecac, it isn’t useful for every poisoning and should never be administered without the go-ahead from Poison Control or your pediatrician.
What are emetics examples?
1. causing vomiting. 2. an agent that does this; examples are a strong solution of salt, mustard water, powdered ipecac, and ipecac syrup. Emetics should not be used when lye or other strong alkalis or acids have been swallowed, since vomiting may rupture the already weakened walls of the esophagus.
Which drug is used in animals to treat inflammation and allergies?
Glucocorticoids are commonly used to treat allergy and inflammation such as itching skin conditions and allergic lung and gastrointestinal diseases.
What is ELDU?
Q: What is extra-label drug use ( ELDU )? A: ELDU describes the use of an approved drug in a manner that is not in accordance with the approved labeling, yet meets the conditions set forth by the Animal Medicinal Drug Use Clarification Act of 1994 (AMDUCA) and U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulations.
Which drug is used for restraint of an animal?
Drugs commonly used in the chemical immobilization of native carnivores by most practitioners include: ketamine, zolazepam and tiletamine (Telazol®, Fort Dodge), medetomidine (Dormitor®, Pfizer Animal Health), xylazine, midazolam, and diazepam.
What drugs are aminoglycosides?
Examples of aminoglycosides include:
- Gentamicin (generic version is IV only)
- Amikacin (IV only)
- Gentak and Genoptic (eye drops)
- Neo-Fradin (oral)
- Neomycin (generic version is IV only)
Is amikacin bactericidal or bacteriostatic?
Aminoglycosides (see table Aminoglycosides) have concentration-dependent bactericidal activity. These antibiotics bind to the 30S ribosome, thereby inhibiting bacterial protein synthesis. Spectinomycin is a bacteriostatic antibiotic chemically related to the aminoglycosides.
What is the mechanism of action of aminoglycosides?
Mechanism of Action. Aminoglycosides bind to the bacterial 30s ribosomal subunit and inhibit bacterial protein synthesis, which explains the efficacy of these antibiotics on rapidly growing bacteria. The transport of aminoglycosides into cells is concentration dependent and uses a specific carrier.