Often asked: Which Antibiotic Can Be Used Against Several Anaerobic Organisms?

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Which antibiotic can be used against several anaerobic organisms quizlet?

Clindamycin is active against several anaerobic organisms. Daptomycin is used for the treatment of infections caused by gram-positive organisms. Quinupristin is used for skin infections caused by streptococcal and staphylococcal infections.

Which aminoglycoside can be prescribed if the culture of a patient with bacterial endocarditis reveals the presence of Gram-positive cocci quizlet?

Which aminoglycoside can be prescribed if the culture of a patient with bacterial endocarditis reveals the presence of gram – positive cocci? The aminoglycoside indicated in the treatment of endocarditis from gram – positive cocci is streptomycin.

Why aminoglycosides are not active against anaerobes?

2 Energy is needed for aminoglycoside uptake into the bacterial cell. Anaerobes have less energy available for this uptake, so aminoglycosides are less active against anaerobes. Aminoglycosides are poorly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract.

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Which patient is a potential candidate for antibiotic therapy involving an aminoglycoside?

Which patient is a potential candidate for antibiotic therapy involving aminoglycoside? (Pseudomonas aeruginosa pneumonia, or P. aeruginosa, is susceptible to treatment with amikacin, gentamicin, or tobramycin; the patient with this infection is a suitable candidate for aminoglycoside therapy.

Which antibiotic is used in patients who have infections of the eyes ears or skin quizlet?

Because intravenous infusion of neomycin is associated with a high risk of ototoxicity and nephrotoxicity, the drug is reserved for use against infections of the eyes, ears, and skin and to suppress the bowel flora. Topical gentamicin and tobramycin are used to treat Gram-negative conjunctivitis.

Why does red man syndrome occur?

Red man syndrome is caused by the release of histamine from basophils and mast cells by antibiotics such as vancomycin. Symptoms include a red rash, hypotension, tachycardia, angioedema, etc. Although most of the cases are manageable, some can be life-threatening.

Which infections are treated with metronidazole quizlet?

Metronidazole is a synthetic antibacterial and antiprotozoan drug in a class called nitroimidazoles. As an antiprotozoan drug, it is the drug of choice for the treatment of trichomoniasis, amebiasis, and giardiasis. As an antibacterial drug, it is extremely effective against anaerobic infections.

Which substance is out of balance with acetylcholine leads to Parkinson’s disease?

The imbalance between cholinergic activity and dopaminergic activity in the striatum causes a variety of neurological disorders, such as Parkinson’s disease.

Which of the following are targets for bacterial antibiotic action?

In principal, there are three main antibiotic targets in bacteria: The cell wall or membranes that surrounds the bacterial cell. The machineries that make the nucleic acids DNA and RNA. The machinery that produce proteins (the ribosome and associated proteins)

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What organs can be affected by aminoglycosides?

The major side effects of aminoglycosides are kidney injury, hearing impairment and vestibular toxicity.

Are macrolides broad spectrum?

The macrolides are bacteriostatic antibiotics with a broad spectrum of activity against many gram-positive bacteria.

How does antibiotic resistance occur?

Antibiotic resistance happens when germs like bacteria and fungi develop the ability to defeat the drugs designed to kill them. That means the germs are not killed and continue to grow. Infections caused by antibiotic – resistant germs are difficult, and sometimes impossible, to treat.

What is the best antibiotic used for treatment of mixed infections?

The IDSA recommends IV clindamycin and penicillin therapy for severe group A streptococcal and clostridial necrotizing infections.

What antibiotics are in the tetracycline family?

Although tetracyclines all work in the same way, there are differences between the four tetracyclines (demeclocycline, doxycycline, minocycline, and tetracycline ) that are available in the U.S. What are the differences between tetracyclines?

Generic name Brand name examples
tetracycline Ala-tet, Tetracap

When should you Redose antibiotics for surgery?

Redosing of antimicrobials is recommended to occur at intervals of 1-2 times the half-life of the drug. Redosing intervals should be measured from the time of administration of the preoperative dose, not from the beginning of the procedure.

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