- 1 What is gradient plate method?
- 2 Who introduced gradient plate method?
- 3 What is the importance of replica plating technique in detection of antibiotic resistant bacterial population?
- 4 How do you make a gradient plate?
- 5 What is crowded plate technique?
- 6 What is the pour plate method?
- 7 What is ditch plate method?
- 8 How can you identify Auxotrophs based on replica plating?
- 9 What is Auxanographic technique?
- 10 What is the replica plate technique used for isolation of?
- 11 What does countable plate mean?
- 12 What are analogue resistant mutants?
What is gradient plate method?
Gradient Plate Technique: The antibiotic in the top layer, diffuse into the bottom layer producing a gradient of antibiotic concentration from low to high. A gradient plate is made by using Streptomycin in the medium. After incubation colonies will appear on both the gradients.
Who introduced gradient plate method?
As early as 1952, Szybalski  empirically established a gradient plate method to isolate antibiotic-resistant bacte- ria, but the method was used primarily to screen resistant strains rather than for AST [12–14].
What is the importance of replica plating technique in detection of antibiotic resistant bacterial population?
Replica plating allows the observation of microbes under a series of growth conditions. The bacteria are grown in an environment that is not selective for given mutation. This technique is used to transfer the members of each colony to a selective environment.
How do you make a gradient plate?
Procedure A: Preparation of streptomycin gradient agar plate
- In a hot water bath, melt two Trypticase soy agar tubes.
- Place a pencil under one end of a sterile Petri dish, pour in a sufficient amount of the mol- ten agar medium to cover the entire bottom surface, and allow to solidify in the slanted position.
What is crowded plate technique?
Crowded plate technique: The crowded plate technique is the simplest screening technique used for isolation of antibiotic-producing microorganisms. Soil or other sources of microorganisms are diluted in sterile saline solution and then spread on nutrient agar plates by using the spread plate technique.
What is the pour plate method?
Pour plate method is usually the method of choice for counting the number of colony-forming bacteria present in a liquid specimen. Because the sample is mixed with the molten agar medium, a larger volume can be used than with the spread plate. Each colony represents a “colony-forming unit” (CFU).
What is ditch plate method?
Ditch plate method is the method chosen to test the anti-bacterial activity of compounds. In this method, the test compound is seeded in an agar plate and the test organisms are streaked across to test the inhibition of the growth as a marker of anti-microbial activity.
How can you identify Auxotrophs based on replica plating?
Detection of auxotrophic mutations
- Detection of auxotrophic mutations.
- Auxotrophic Mutant.
- • Auxotrophic mutants are strains that require a growth supplement that.
- the organism isolated from nature (the wild-type strain) does not.
- • Auxotrophic mutants are unable to synthesize some biochemical.
What is Auxanographic technique?
a method for the study of bacterial enzymes in which agar is mixed with the material (e.g., starch or milk) which is to serve as an indicator of the enzyme action and is inoculated and plated; if the bacteria produce enzymes digesting the admixed material, there will be a zone of clearing in the medium about each
What is the replica plate technique used for isolation of?
Replica – Plating Technique: Replica – plating technique is often used to isolate nutritional mutants (auxotrophs) as well as various other type of mutants, e.g., antibiotic resistant mutants.
What does countable plate mean?
As it would usually be impossible to actually count the number of microorganisms in a sample, the sample is diluted and plated to get a reasonable number of colonies to count. In this case the plate is called confluent or Too Numerous To Count (TNTC). The countable plate has between 30 and 300 colonies.
What are analogue resistant mutants?
A second group was composed of mutants that were resistant to one analog only. Of the latter mutants, one resistant to azetidine-2-carboxylic acid was found to overproduce proline only, whereas one resistant to fluorotryptophan and one resistant to ethionine did not overproduce any of the tested amino acids.