Often asked: What Kind Of Antibiotic Is Gentamicin?

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What class of antibiotic is gentamicin?

Gentamicin belongs to the class of medicines known as aminoglycoside antibiotics. It works by killing bacteria or preventing their growth.

Is gentamicin an aminoglycoside?

Gentamicin is the most commonly used aminoglycoside, but amikacin may be particularly effective against resistant organisms. Aminoglycosides are used in the treatment of severe infections of the abdomen and urinary tract, as well as bacteremia and endocarditis.

How strong is gentamicin?

Usual dosage ranges for IM or IV: Conventional dosing: Administer 1 to 2.5 mg/kg/dose every 8-12 hours. Once daily dosing: Administer 4 to 7 mg/kg/day.

Is gentamicin a broad or narrow spectrum antibiotic?

Gentamicin is a parenterally administered, broad spectrum aminoglycoside antibiotic typically used for moderate to severe gram negative infections.

What is gentamicin use for?

Gentamicin injection is used to treat certain serious infections that are caused by bacteria such as meningitis (infection of the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord) and infections of the blood, abdomen (stomach area), lungs, skin, bones, joints, and urinary tract.

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Is gentamicin a penicillin?

Tetracyclines (e.g. doxycycline), quinolones (e.g. ciprofloxacin), macrolides (e.g. clarithromycin), aminoglycosides (e.g. gentamicin ) and glycopeptides (e.g. vancomycin) are all unrelated to penicillins and are safe to use in the penicillin allergic patient.

Why is gentamicin not given orally?

Aminoglycosides such as gentamicin cannot be administered orally for treatment of systemic infection because they are not absorbed from the intact gastrointestinal tract [294].

What bugs does gentamicin cover?

Medical uses. Gentamicin is active against a wide range of bacterial infections, mostly Gram-negative bacteria including Pseudomonas, Proteus, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Enterobacter aerogenes, Serratia, and the Gram-positive Staphylococcus.

Can gentamicin be used alone?

Gentamicin has been used as single-dose therapy for urogenital gonorrhea in Malawi for years [4, 5], and a meta-analysis suggested that, as a single agent, the drug is 91% effective for urogenital infection [6].

What is the side effect of gentamicin?

Nausea, vomiting, stomach upset, or loss of appetite may occur. Pain/irritation/redness at the injection site may rarely occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly.

How long does gentamicin stay in the body?

Gentamicin is not metabolized in the body but is excreted unchanged in microbiologically active form predominantly via the kidneys. In patients with normal renal function the elimination halflife is about 2 to 3 hours.

How long does it take for gentamicin to work?

Your eye should start to feel better within a few days. Even when your eye appears normal again, there may still be some germs present. It is important to continue to use gentamicin for a further 48 hours once your eye appears normal. This will help to make sure that all the germs (bacteria) have been killed.

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What is the best antibiotic for a bacterial infection?

Bacterial infections are treated with antibiotics such as amoxicillin, erythromycin and ciprofloxacin. There are many different types of antibiotic, with different ways of working; the choice depends on the type of infection you have. Fungi commonly cause skin infections such as athlete’s foot and ringworm.

What is the difference between broad and narrow-spectrum antibiotics?

Narrow – spectrum antibiotics target a few types of bacteria. Broad – spectrum antibiotics target many types of bacteria. Both types work well to treat infections. But using broad – spectrum antibiotics when they’re not needed can create antibiotic -resistant bacteria that are hard to treat.

Can gentamicin cause liver damage?

Clinical use of gentamicin despite clinical benefits has been limited due to its side effects. The main side effects include liver damage that is one of the major factors of liver inefficiency in a significant number of people taking this medication.

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