- 1 What type of shock is cardiogenic shock?
- 2 What are the three types of distributive shock?
- 3 Which of the following is one of the principle mechanisms by which the heart compensates for increased workload?
- 4 Which of the following types of shock is characterized by impaired heart function?
- 5 What are the 4 signs of shock?
- 6 What are the 7 types of shock?
- 7 What are the 3 stages of shock?
- 8 How do you classify shock?
- 9 What is the most common type of shock?
- 10 What are signs of decreased cardiac output?
- 11 What are the factors affecting cardiac output?
- 12 What is the importance of cardiac output?
- 13 What are the underlying principles of management of a patient with shock?
- 14 What are the four stages of hypovolemic shock?
- 15 What are the symptoms of neurogenic shock?
What type of shock is cardiogenic shock?
Cardiogenic shock is a life-threatening condition where your heart suddenly stops pumping enough oxygen-rich blood to your body. This condition is an emergency situation that is usually brought on by a heart attack. It is discovered as it happens and requires immediate treatment in the hospital.
What are the three types of distributive shock?
Distributive shock The three subtypes are septic, anaphylactic/anaphylactoid, and neurogenic shock.
Which of the following is one of the principle mechanisms by which the heart compensates for increased workload?
3. One of the principal mechanisms by which the heart compensates for increased workload is: A ) myocardial hypertrophy.
Which of the following types of shock is characterized by impaired heart function?
cardiogenic shock: due to poor heart function. -the heart fails to pump adequately. -often because of a myocardial infarction ( heart attack).
What are the 4 signs of shock?
Signs and symptoms of shock vary depending on circumstances and may include:
- Cool, clammy skin.
- Pale or ashen skin.
- Bluish tinge to lips or fingernails (or gray in the case of dark complexions)
- Rapid pulse.
- Rapid breathing.
- Nausea or vomiting.
- Enlarged pupils.
- Weakness or fatigue.
What are the 7 types of shock?
The main types of shock include:
- Cardiogenic shock (due to heart problems)
- Hypovolemic shock (caused by too little blood volume)
- Anaphylactic shock (caused by allergic reaction)
- Septic shock (due to infections)
- Neurogenic shock (caused by damage to the nervous system)
What are the 3 stages of shock?
The three phases of shock: Irreversible, compensated, and decompsated shock
- Restlessness, agitation and anxiety – the earliest signs of hypoxia.
- Pallor and clammy skin – this occurs because of microcirculation.
- Nausea and vomiting – decrease in blood flow to the GI system.
- Delayed capillary refill.
How do you classify shock?
Shock is defined as inadequate organ and peripheral tissue perfusion and is categorized on the basis of its etiology as being either hypovolemic, cardiogenic, or restrictive (vasodilatory/distributive).
What is the most common type of shock?
Distributive shock is the most common type of shock, followed by hypovolemic and cardiogenic shock. Obstructive shock is relatively less common.
What are signs of decreased cardiac output?
The signs and symptoms of decreased cardiac output include the abnormal presence of S3 and S4 heart sounds, hypotension, bradycardia, tachycardia, weak and diminished peripheral pulses, hypoxia, cardiac dysrhythmias, palpitations, decreased central venous pressure, decreased pulmonary artery pressure, dyspnea, fatigue,
What are the factors affecting cardiac output?
Factors affect cardiac output by changing heart rate and stroke volume. Primary factors include blood volume reflexes, autonomic innervation, and hormones. Secondary factors include extracellular fluid ion concentration, body temperature, emotions, sex, and age.
What is the importance of cardiac output?
Why is maintaining cardiac output so important? Sufficient cardiac output helps keep blood pressure at the levels needed to supply oxygen-rich blood to your brain and other vital organs.
What are the underlying principles of management of a patient with shock?
MANAGEMENT OF SHOCK. Shock is managed (1) at an urgent tempo; and by (2) identifying and treating acute, reversible causes; (3) restoring intravascular volume; (4) infusing vasoactive drugs; (5) using mechanical adjuncts, when applicable; and (6) supporting vital functions until recovery.
What are the four stages of hypovolemic shock?
There are four stages of hypovolemic shock:
- Loss of up to 750 cubic centimeters (cc) or milliliters (mL) of blood, up to 15% of your total volume.
- Loss of 750 to 1,500 cc of blood.
- Loss of 1,500 to 2,000 cc of blood, about a half-gallon.
- Loss of more than 2,000 cc of blood, more than 40% of your total blood volume.
What are the symptoms of neurogenic shock?
One of the main symptoms of neurogenic shock is low blood pressure from irregular blood circulation. Neurogenic shock symptoms
- blank stares.
- increased sweating.
- pale skin.